Panoramic interior view of the Colosseum Photo by: Paolo Costa Baldi, Creative Commons Colosseum History Facts Location Weather. What is the architecture of the Roman Colosseum? In this quick guide you will discover the structure, the area, the seats and the cellars. The Colosseum includes all the ancient architectural "orders", which are styles recognizable mainly by the columns employed. The order of the ground floor half columns is the Tuscan one (a Roman variation of the Doric order), on the second floor the semicolumns are Ionic and on the third floor Corinthian.


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The amphitheatre was large enough to easily colosseum architecture a multitude and was beautifully planned. Basic Architecture The monument has colossal dimensions.


It stood over feet tall. From end to end the structure was spread over an area of more than six acres. It colosseum architecture a length of feet and was close to feet wide.

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The main arena where the performances colosseum architecture place measured feet by feet. The different tiers had been supported by stone and concrete and rose to a great height.

Ancient Roman Colosseum in Rome

It was a massive structure colosseum architecture to perfection. Each row gradus of seats was numbered, permitting each individual seat to be exactly designated by its gradus, cuneus, and number.

The walls were added early in the Colosseum's existence when it was decided it would no longer be flooded and used for naval battles.

The hypogeum was not part of the original construction but was ordered to colosseum architecture built by Emperor Domitian.

A quick guide to the Roman Colosseum architecture | StayCiao - Blog |

Little now remains of the original arena floor, but the hypogeum is still clearly visible. It consisted of a two-level subterranean network of tunnels and cages beneath the arena where gladiators and animals were held before contests began. Eighty vertical shafts provided instant access to the arena for caged animals and scenery pieces concealed underneath; larger hinged platforms, called hegmata, provided access for elephants and the like.

It was colosseum architecture on numerous occasions; at least twelve different phases of construction can be seen. Animals and performers were brought through the tunnel from nearby stables, with the gladiators' barracks at the Ludus Magnus to the east also being connected by tunnels.

Separate tunnels were provided for the Emperor and the Vestal Virgins to permit them to enter and exit the Colosseum without needing to pass through the crowds. Elevators and pulleys raised and lowered scenery and colosseum architecture, as well as lifting caged animals to the surface for release.

There is evidence for the existence of major hydraulic mechanisms [16] and according to ancient accounts, it was possible to flood the arena rapidly, presumably via a connection to a nearby aqueduct. However, the construction of the hypogeum at Domitian's behest put an end to the practise of flooding, and thus also to naval battles, early in the Colosseum's existence.

Colosseum Architecture

colosseum architecture Supporting buildings The Colosseum — a view from the Oppian Hill The Colosseum and its activities supported a substantial industry in the area. In addition to the amphitheatre itself, many other buildings nearby were linked to the games.

Immediately to the east is the remains of the Ludus Magnusa training school for gladiators. This was connected to the Colosseum by an underground passage, to allow easy access for the gladiators. The central corridor under the arena continued underneath the eastern entrance, connecting the cellars with the most important barracks of the gladiators, the Ludus Magnus, today partially visible in the archaeological area between Via Labicana and Via di San Giovanni in Laterano.

Another underground corridor, known as Passageway of Commodus the emperor who, according to historical sources, underwent an attempted assassination thereconnected the cellars with the outside; the gate leading from this passageway to colosseum architecture cavea is still visible today near the terrace on the southern side.


Follow me, I am going to write a lot about Rome! The Emperor and his court reclined in the imperial box on the northern side of the arena. The empress and her female entourage occupied the box opposite of the emperor. All around the top there were sockets for wooden beams colosseum architecture supported the awning velarium that covered the spectators from the sun and was manoeuvred by a unit of sailors of the imperial fleet, stationed nearby.