La Staatliche Bauhaus (Casa de la Construcción Estatal), o simplemente Bauhaus, fue la escuela de artesanía, diseño, arte y arquitectura fundada en por. Es casi imposible ser un diseñador actualmente y no haber estado de una u otra forma influenciado por la Bauhaus. La Escuela de Arte más. LA BAUHAUS Escuela de arte, arquitectura y diseño. Fundada por el Arquitecto, Diseñador Y Urbanista, de origen germano Walter Gropius.


Author: Abagail Gorczany
Country: Iran
Language: English
Genre: Education
Published: 24 May 2014
Pages: 315
PDF File Size: 36.24 Mb
ePub File Size: 7.51 Mb
ISBN: 795-2-16751-756-5
Downloads: 1549
Price: Free
Uploader: Abagail Gorczany


A new way of thinking

Since the Weimar Republic lacked the quantity of raw materials available to the United States and Great Britain, it had to rely on the proficiency of a skilled labor force and an ability to export innovative and high quality goods.

Therefore, designers were needed and so was a new type of art education. The school's philosophy stated that the artist should be trained to work with the industry.

The school in Weimar experienced political pressure from conservative circles in Thuringian politics, increasingly so after as political tension rose.

One condition placed on the Bauhaus in this new political environment was the exhibition of work undertaken at the school. This condition was met in with the Bauhaus' exhibition of the experimental Haus am Horn. On 26 Escuela bauhaus the Bauhaus issued a press release and setting the closure of escuela bauhaus school for the end of March After the Bauhaus moved to Dessau, a school of industrial design with teachers and staff less antagonistic to the conservative political regime remained in Weimar.

BAUHAUS MOVEMENT | Art and Technology - A new Unity

This school was eventually known as the Technical University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, and in changed its name to Bauhaus-University Weimar. Meyer became director when Gropius resigned in February[1] and brought escuela bauhaus Bauhaus its two most significant building commissions, both of which still exist: Meyer favored measurements and calculations in his presentations to clients, along with the use of off-the-shelf architectural components to reduce costs.

This approach proved attractive to potential clients. The school turned its first profit under his leadership in But Meyer also generated a great deal of conflict. As a radical functionalist, he had no patience with the aesthetic program, and forced the resignations of Herbert BayerMarcel Breuerand other long-time instructors.

  • Who can edit:

Even though Meyer shifted the orientation of the school further to the left than it had been under Gropius, he didn't want the school to become escuela bauhaus tool of left-wing party politics.

He prevented the formation of a student communist cell, and in the increasingly dangerous political atmosphere, this became a threat to the existence of the Dessau school.


Dessau mayor Fritz Hesse fired him in the summer of Mies was appointed inand immediately interviewed each student, escuela bauhaus those that he deemed uncommitted. Mies halted the school's manufacture of goods so that the school could focus on teaching.

Mies appointed no new faculty other than his close confidant Lilly Reich.

When they gained control of the Dessau City Council they moved to escuela bauhaus the school. The students and faculty rehabilitated the building, painting the interior white.


The school operated for ten months without further interference from the Nazi Party. Inthe Gestapo closed down the Berlin school.

Mies protested the decision, eventually speaking to the head of the Gestapo, who agreed to allow the school to re-open. However, shortly after receiving a letter permitting the opening of the Bauhaus, Mies and the other faculty escuela bauhaus to voluntarily shut down the school[ when?

Increasingly through the early s, they characterized the Bauhaus as a front for communists and social liberals. Indeed, a number of communist students loyal to Meyer moved to the Soviet Union when he was fired in Even before the Nazis came to power, political pressure on Bauhaus had increased.