There Are Various Types of Bricks Used in Masonry: Common Burnt Clay Bricks; Sand Lime Bricks (Calcium Silicate Bricks); Engineering. Jump to Brick - Solid brickwork is made of two or more wythes of bricks with the units and stretchers employed gives rise to different 'bonds' such as the. Brick masonry is built with bricks bonded together with mortar. For temporary sheds mud mortar may be used but for all permanent buildings.


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Stretcher Bond is normally used a farcade for the main structural building. It can look very plain, but with the introduction of other patterns can look very affective. This can also lead to unequal settlement of the 2 thickness of the wall.


Diagonal Bond Best suited for walls of two to four brick thickness. This bond is normally introduced at every 5th or 7th course along the height of the wall. Bricks in this bond are placed end to end in such a types of brick masonry that extreme corners of the sequence remain in contact with the stretchers.

Rat Trap Bond In this bond, bricks are laid on edge or placed in a vertical position instead of the conventional horizontal position. This creates a cavity hollow space within the wall.

This feature helps in keeping enhanced thermal comfort and keep the interiors cooler types of brick masonry the outside and vice versa.

Types of Bonds in Brick Masonry Wall Construction and their Applications

This type of walls consumes a smaller number of materials due to the internal cavity. Skilled labor and extra care are needed to design this bond.

Stretcher bond in the brick is the simplest repeating pattern. But the limitation of stretcher bond is that it cannot make effective bonding with adjacent bricks types of brick masonry full width thick brick walls. They are suitably used only for one-half brick thick walls such as for the construction half brick thick partition wall.

Walls constructed with stretcher bonds are not stable enough to stand alone in case of longer span and height.

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Thus they Then need supporting structure such as brick masonry columns at regular intervals. Stretcher bonds are commonly used in the steel or reinforced concrete framed structures as the outer facing.

These are also used as types of brick masonry outer facing of cavity walls. Other common applications of such walls are the boundary walls, gardens etc. In spite of these complexities and their associated costs, the bond has proven a common choice for constructing brickwork in the north of Europe. Raking courses in monk bond may—for instance—be staggered in such a way as to generate types of brick masonry appearance of diagonal lines of stretchers.


One method of achieving this effect relies on the use of a repeating sequence of courses with back-and-forth header staggering. In this grouping, a header appears at a given point in the group's first course.

Types of brick bonding

In the next course up, a header is offset one and a half stretcher lengths to the left of the header in the course below, and then in the third course, a header is offset one stretcher length to the right of the header in the middle course.

This accented swing of headers, one and a half to the left, and one to the right, generates the appearance of lines of stretchers running from the upper left hand side of the wall down to the lower right. Elsewhere, raking courses in monk bond may be staggered in such a way as to generate a subtle appearance of indented pyramid-like diagonals.

The tensile strength of masonry walls can be increased by thickening the wall, or by building masonry piers vertical columns or ribs at intervals. Where practical, steel reinforcements such as windposts can be added. Veneer masonry[ edit ] A masonry veneer wall consists of masonry units, usually clay-based bricks, installed on one or both sides of a structurally independent wall usually constructed types of brick masonry wood or masonry.

In this context the brick masonry is primarily decorative, not structural.


The brick veneer is generally connected to the structural wall by brick ties metal strips that are attached to the structural wall, as well as the mortar joints of the types of brick masonry veneer. There is typically an air gap between the brick veneer and the structural wall.

As clay-based brick is usually not completely waterproof, the structural types of brick masonry will often have a water-resistant surface usually tar paper and weep holes can be left at the base of the brick veneer to drain moisture that accumulates inside the air gap.

Concrete blocks, real and cultured stones, and veneer adobe are sometimes used in a very similar veneer fashion.